MachineMachine /stream - tagged with anthropology https://machinemachine.net/stream/feed en-us http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss LifePress therourke@gmail.com <![CDATA[The Racist Legacy of Computer-Generated Humans - Scientific American]]> https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-racist-legacy-of-computer-generated-humans/

Computer-generated imagery is supposed to be one of the success stories of computer science. Starting in the 1970s, the algorithms for realistically depicting digital worlds were developed in a monumental joint effort between academic, commercial and federal research labs.

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Wed, 23 Dec 2020 01:19:41 -0800 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-racist-legacy-of-computer-generated-humans/
<![CDATA[How Memes, Lulz, and "Ironic" Bigotry Won the Internet - The Atlantic]]> https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/09/how-memes-lulz-and-ironic-bigotry-won-internet/616427/

In the 2010s, Hitler memes and “ironic” racism filled the internet. What if we had taken them seriously? Updated at 4:00 a.m. ET on Oct. 4, 2020.

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Sat, 10 Oct 2020 00:13:36 -0700 https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/09/how-memes-lulz-and-ironic-bigotry-won-internet/616427/
<![CDATA[Revolutionary archaeology reveals the deepest possible Anthropocene | Aeon Essays]]> https://aeon.co/essays/revolutionary-archaeology-reveals-the-deepest-possible-anthropocene

Humanity’s transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture is one of the most important developments in human and Earth history. Human societies, plant and animal populations, the makeup of the atmosphere, even the Earth’s surface – all were irreversibly transformed.

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Fri, 02 Oct 2020 06:13:20 -0700 https://aeon.co/essays/revolutionary-archaeology-reveals-the-deepest-possible-anthropocene
<![CDATA[When did modern humans first arrive in Europe? – podcast | Science | The Guardian]]> https://huffduffer.com/therourke/579384

Nicola Davis speaks to Prof Jean-Jacques Hublin about new archaeological discoveries which reveal that modern humans co-existed with Neanderthals for several thousand years

https://www.theguardian.com/science/audio/2020/may/28/when-did-modern-humans-first-arrive-in-europe-podcast

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Mon, 29 Jun 2020 14:46:25 -0700 https://huffduffer.com/therourke/579384
<![CDATA[Early humans domesticated themselves, new genetic evidence suggests | Science | AAAS]]> https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/12/early-humans-domesticated-themselves-new-genetic-evidence-suggests

When humans started to tame dogs, cats, sheep, and cattle, they may have continued a tradition that started with a completely different animal: us.

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Wed, 04 Dec 2019 16:36:43 -0800 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/12/early-humans-domesticated-themselves-new-genetic-evidence-suggests
<![CDATA[David Reich: ‘Neanderthals were perhaps capable of many modern human behaviours’ | Science | The Guardian]]> https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/apr/07/ever-evolving-story-humanity-david-reich-interview-neanderthals-denisovans-genome

For David Reich, research can be a harrowing experience. The 44-year-old Harvard University geneticist says he now goes to bed terrified he will wake up to find his team’s recent, stunning discoveries about human ancestry have been proved wrong.

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Sun, 15 Apr 2018 10:25:25 -0700 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/apr/07/ever-evolving-story-humanity-david-reich-interview-neanderthals-denisovans-genome
<![CDATA[Teaching the Intersection Between Classics, Anthropology, and Colonialism – Everyday Orientalism]]> https://everydayorientalism.wordpress.com/2018/02/26/teaching-the-intersection-between-classics-anthropology-and-colonialism/

It is no scoop for anyone that many academic disciplines were born in Europe during the Age of Empires. It is certainly the case of Classics and other Antiquity-related specialities. It is, also, the case of Anthropology.

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Mon, 26 Feb 2018 09:09:46 -0800 https://everydayorientalism.wordpress.com/2018/02/26/teaching-the-intersection-between-classics-anthropology-and-colonialism/
<![CDATA['Hobbit' species did not evolve from ancestor of modern humans, research finds | Science | The Guardian]]> https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/apr/21/hobbit-species-did-not-evolve-from-ancestor-of-modern-humans-research-finds

Researchers who studied the bones of Homo floresiensis, a species of tiny human discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores in 2003, say their findings should end a popular theory that it evolved from an ancestor of modern humans.

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Tue, 25 Apr 2017 08:01:31 -0700 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/apr/21/hobbit-species-did-not-evolve-from-ancestor-of-modern-humans-research-finds
<![CDATA[Did Humans Drive "Hobbit" Species to Extinction? - Scientific American]]> http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/did-humans-drive-hobbit-species-to-extinction/ ]]> Sun, 17 Apr 2016 06:02:53 -0700 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/did-humans-drive-hobbit-species-to-extinction/ <![CDATA[Mystery 'hobbits' not humans like us, study finds - Telegraph]]> http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/evolution/12159022/Mystery-hobbits-not-humans-like-us-study-finds.html

Diminutive humans that died out on an Indonesian island some 15,000 years ago were not Homo sapiens but a different species, according to a study published Monday that dives into a fierce anthropological debate.

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Tue, 16 Feb 2016 08:14:28 -0800 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/evolution/12159022/Mystery-hobbits-not-humans-like-us-study-finds.html
<![CDATA[Theorizing the Web 2015: 'Living with Algorithms' Panel]]> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMWb-kRP75E

Note Due to technical issues, Solon Barocas' presentation 'The Alterity of Algorithms' was not recorded.

.Presider Sara M. Watson .Hashmod Ava Kofman

Daniel Rourke: Synthetic Subjects Natalie Kane: Ghost Stories Nick Seaver: Traps: Algorithms and the Anthropology of Technology

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Mon, 23 Nov 2015 14:13:48 -0800 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMWb-kRP75E
<![CDATA[Homo naledi: new species of ancient human discovered, claim scientists | Science | The Guardian]]> http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/10/new-species-of-ancient-human-discovered-claim-scientists

Explorers happened upon the bones after squeezing through a fissure high up in the rear wall of the Rising Star cave, 50km from Johannesburg, before descending down a long, narrow chute to the chamber floor 40 metres beneath the surface.

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Sat, 03 Oct 2015 10:38:16 -0700 http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/10/new-species-of-ancient-human-discovered-claim-scientists
<![CDATA[The Theological Questions Raised by the Homo Naledi Fossils - The Atlantic]]> http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/do-neanderthals-have-souls/406246/

Earlier this month, scientists working in South Africa made an exciting announcement: They had discovered a new species of human ancestor.

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Sat, 03 Oct 2015 10:38:04 -0700 http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/do-neanderthals-have-souls/406246/
<![CDATA[The Caveman’s Home Was Not a Cave - Issue 24: Error - Nautilus]]> http://nautil.us/issue/24/error/the-cavemans-home-was-not-a-cave-rp

It was the 18th-century scientist Carolus Linnaeus that laid the foundations for modern biological taxonomy. It was also Linnaeus who argued for the existence of Homo troglodytes, a primitive people said to inhabit the caves of an Indonesian archipelago.

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Tue, 26 May 2015 05:08:19 -0700 http://nautil.us/issue/24/error/the-cavemans-home-was-not-a-cave-rp
<![CDATA[The Architectural Origins of the Chess Set | Design Decoded]]> http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/design/2013/04/how-the-chess-set-got-its-look-and-feel/#.UWo9YUfTfgY.twitter

Prior to 1849, there was no such thing as a “normal chess set.” At least not like we think of it today. Over the centuries that chess had been played, innumerable varieties of sets of pieces were created, with regional differences in designation and appearance.

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Thu, 18 Apr 2013 16:53:54 -0700 http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/design/2013/04/how-the-chess-set-got-its-look-and-feel/#.UWo9YUfTfgY.twitter
<![CDATA[Neanderthals smart enough to copy humans]]> http://www.nature.com/news/neanderthals-smart-enough-to-copy-humans-1.11673

Fossils and artefacts pulled from the Grotte du Renne cave in central France present anthropologists with a Pleistocene puzzle. Strewn among the remains of prehistoric mammals are the bones of Neanderthals, along with bladelets, bone points and body ornaments belonging to what archaeologists call the Châtelperronian culture. Such complex artefacts are often attributed to modern humans, but a new report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that Neanderthals created the objects in imitation of their Homo sapiens neighbors1.

How the Grotte du Renne deposit formed has important implications for how we view our extinct sister species. If Neanderthals left the assemblage, then they were capable of a degree of symbolic behaviour thought to be unique to humans.

The remains and artefacts were found together during excavations between 1949 and 1963, but they were not necessarily deposited at the same time. In 2010, Thomas Higham, an archaeologist at the University of

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Mon, 31 Dec 2012 06:52:00 -0800 http://www.nature.com/news/neanderthals-smart-enough-to-copy-humans-1.11673
<![CDATA[Neanderthal vs. Homo sapiens: Who would win in a fight?]]> http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/explainer/2012/10/neanderthal_vs_homo_sapiens_who_would_win_in_a_fight.html

team of archaeologists, paleoanthropologists, and paleoartists has created a more accurate Neanderthal reconstruction, based on a nearly complete skeleton discovered in France more than 100 years ago. The La Ferrassie Neanderthal man was short but stocky. If a modern man came nose-to-nose with a Neanderthal, could he take him in a fight? Possibly. A Neanderthal would have a clear power advantage over his Homo sapiens opponent. Many of the Neanderthals archaeologists have recovered had Popeye forearms, possibly the result of a life spent stabbing wooly mammoths and straight-tusked elephants to death and dismantling their carcasses. Neanderthals also developed strong trapezius, deltoid, and tricep muscles by dragging 50 pounds of meat 30 miles home to their families. A Neanderthal had a wider pelvis and lower center of gravity than Homo sapiens, which would have made him a powerful grappler. That doesn’t mean, however, that we would be an easy kill for our extinct relative. Homo sapiens

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Mon, 31 Dec 2012 06:49:00 -0800 http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/explainer/2012/10/neanderthal_vs_homo_sapiens_who_would_win_in_a_fight.html
<![CDATA[DIGITAL FORM DISCUSSION]]> http://culanth.org/?q=node/583

To what extent do the material components (e.g. hardware, source code, network protocols) and properties (e.g. speed, malleability, erasability) of digital technology influence the methodologies one might employ to study it? Is there a specific “ethnographic toolkit” that is particularly well-suited for studying the digital form and related socio-cultural phenomena?

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Wed, 11 Jul 2012 06:37:00 -0700 http://culanth.org/?q=node/583
<![CDATA[Neanderthals Getting a Colourful Upgrade]]> http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kyle-jarrard/neanderthals-getting-an-c_b_1529513.html

A chorus of smart, modern minds is rising over the hills of anthropology that the ancient Neanderthals of Europe weren't anywhere nearly as dumb, insufferable and unrecognizable as everyone thought all these years. At long last, these creatures who roamed the Continent for hundreds of thousands of years only to become extinct 30,000 years ago under the onslaught of modern humans from Africa are getting a major upgrade by the scientific community.

No more can we say that old Neanderthal -- prototype of shaggy man with absolutely zero smarts -- didn't know what he was doing. And no more can we deny it: They were not a little bit like us but a lot. As Professor David Frayer, Neanderthal expert at the University of Kansas, puts it, with not a little hint of told-you-so scientific glee, "Seemingly with every new journal issue, the gap between Neanderthal and modern human behavior closes."

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Wed, 23 May 2012 09:44:15 -0700 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kyle-jarrard/neanderthals-getting-an-c_b_1529513.html
<![CDATA[We must set planetary boundaries wisely]]> http://www.nature.com/news/we-must-set-planetary-boundaries-wisely-1.10694

As pressure on resources increases, pollution accumulates and humanity's impact on Earth escalates, global-scale governance of the environment is increasingly necessary. In June, the United Nations' Rio+20 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will grapple with these difficult political issues. Up for discussion is a relatively new scientific concept: planetary boundaries.

Formulated in 2009 by Johan Rockström, director of the Stockholm Environment Institute, and his colleagues, the concept is based on the idea that humanity flourished under the conditions on Earth in the 10,000 years leading up to the industrial revolution — the Holocene epoch. So, to maintain human progress, we should keep the planet under similar biophysical conditions. The researchers set out nine key environmental measures and thresholds that should not be breached for fear of pushing Earth out of the Holocene-like 'safe operating space for humanity'. The boundaries include thresholds for climate change and bio

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Wed, 23 May 2012 09:39:50 -0700 http://www.nature.com/news/we-must-set-planetary-boundaries-wisely-1.10694